shiro 身份验证

   

1、首先调用Subject.login(token)进行登录,其会自动委托给SecurityManager,调用之前必须通过SecurityUtils. setSecurityManager()设置;

2、SecurityManager负责真正的身份验证逻辑;它会委托给Authenticator进行身份验证;

3、Authenticator才是真正的身份验证者,Shiro API中核心的身份认证入口点,此处可以自定义插入自己的实现;

4、Authenticator可能会委托给相应的AuthenticationStrategy进行多Realm身份验证,默认ModularRealmAuthenticator会调用AuthenticationStrategy进行多Realm身份验证;

5、Authenticator会把相应的token传入Realm,从Realm获取身份验证信息,如果没有返回/抛出异常表示身份验证失败了。此处可以配置多个Realm,将按照相应的顺序及策略进行访问。

2、SecurityManager负责真正的身份验证逻辑;它会委托给Authenticator进行身份验证;

a.Subject实现类 DelegatingSubject  

public void login(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
        clearRunAsIdentitiesInternal();
        Subject subject = securityManager.login(this, token);

        PrincipalCollection principals;

        String host = null;

        if (subject instanceof DelegatingSubject) {
            DelegatingSubject delegating = (DelegatingSubject) subject;
            //we have to do this in case there are assumed identities - we don't want to lose the 'real' principals:
            principals = delegating.principals;
            host = delegating.host;
        } else {
            principals = subject.getPrincipals();
        }

        if (principals == null || principals.isEmpty()) {
            String msg = "Principals returned from securityManager.login( token ) returned a null or " +
                    "empty value.  This value must be non null and populated with one or more elements.";
            throw new IllegalStateException(msg);
        }
        this.principals = principals;
        this.authenticated = true;
        if (token instanceof HostAuthenticationToken) {
            host = ((HostAuthenticationToken) token).getHost();
        }
        if (host != null) {
            this.host = host;
        }
        Session session = subject.getSession(false);
        if (session != null) {
            this.session = decorate(session);
        } else {
            this.session = null;
        }
    }

b.DefaultSecurityManager

 public Subject login(Subject subject, AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
        AuthenticationInfo info;
        try {
            info = authenticate(token);
        } catch (AuthenticationException ae) {
            try {
                onFailedLogin(token, ae, subject);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                if (log.isInfoEnabled()) {
                    log.info("onFailedLogin method threw an " +
                            "exception.  Logging and propagating original AuthenticationException.", e);
                }
            }
            throw ae; //propagate
        }

        Subject loggedIn = createSubject(token, info, subject);

        onSuccessfulLogin(token, info, loggedIn);

        return loggedIn;
    }

c.AuthenticatingSecurityManager 

    public AuthenticationInfo authenticate(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
        return this.authenticator.authenticate(token);
    }

d.AbstractAuthenticator

public final AuthenticationInfo authenticate(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {

        if (token == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Method argument (authentication token) cannot be null.");
        }

        log.trace("Authentication attempt received for token [{}]", token);

        AuthenticationInfo info;
        try {
            info = doAuthenticate(token);
            if (info == null) {
                String msg = "No account information found for authentication token [" + token + "] by this " +
                        "Authenticator instance.  Please check that it is configured correctly.";
                throw new AuthenticationException(msg);
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            AuthenticationException ae = null;
            if (t instanceof AuthenticationException) {
                ae = (AuthenticationException) t;
            }
            if (ae == null) {
                //Exception thrown was not an expected AuthenticationException.  Therefore it is probably a little more
                //severe or unexpected.  So, wrap in an AuthenticationException, log to warn, and propagate:
                String msg = "Authentication failed for token submission [" + token + "].  Possible unexpected " +
                        "error? (Typical or expected login exceptions should extend from AuthenticationException).";
                ae = new AuthenticationException(msg, t);
                if (log.isWarnEnabled())
                    log.warn(msg, t);
            }
            try {
                notifyFailure(token, ae);
            } catch (Throwable t2) {
                if (log.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    String msg = "Unable to send notification for failed authentication attempt - listener error?.  " +
                            "Please check your AuthenticationListener implementation(s).  Logging sending exception " +
                            "and propagating original AuthenticationException instead...";
                    log.warn(msg, t2);
                }
            }


            throw ae;
        }

        log.debug("Authentication successful for token [{}].  Returned account [{}]", token, info);

        notifySuccess(token, info);

        return info;
    }

4、Authenticator可能会委托给相应的AuthenticationStrategy进行多Realm身份验证,默认ModularRealmAuthenticator会调用AuthenticationStrategy进行多Realm身份验证;

a.ModularRealmAuthenticator

    protected AuthenticationInfo doAuthenticate(AuthenticationToken authenticationToken) throws AuthenticationException {
        assertRealmsConfigured();
        Collection<Realm> realms = getRealms();
        if (realms.size() == 1) {
            return doSingleRealmAuthentication(realms.iterator().next(), authenticationToken);
        } else {
            return doMultiRealmAuthentication(realms, authenticationToken);
        }
    }
 protected AuthenticationInfo doSingleRealmAuthentication(Realm realm, AuthenticationToken token) {
        if (!realm.supports(token)) {
            String msg = "Realm [" + realm + "] does not support authentication token [" +
                    token + "].  Please ensure that the appropriate Realm implementation is " +
                    "configured correctly or that the realm accepts AuthenticationTokens of this type.";
            throw new UnsupportedTokenException(msg);
        }
        AuthenticationInfo info = realm.getAuthenticationInfo(token);
        if (info == null) {
            String msg = "Realm [" + realm + "] was unable to find account data for the " +
                    "submitted AuthenticationToken [" + token + "].";
            throw new UnknownAccountException(msg);
        }
        return info;
    }

b.AuthenticatingRealm

 public final AuthenticationInfo getAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {

        AuthenticationInfo info = getCachedAuthenticationInfo(token);
        if (info == null) {
            //otherwise not cached, perform the lookup:
            info = doGetAuthenticationInfo(token);
            log.debug("Looked up AuthenticationInfo [{}] from doGetAuthenticationInfo", info);
            if (token != null && info != null) {
                cacheAuthenticationInfoIfPossible(token, info);
            }
        } else {
            log.debug("Using cached authentication info [{}] to perform credentials matching.", info);
        }

        if (info != null) {
            assertCredentialsMatch(token, info);
        } else {
            log.debug("No AuthenticationInfo found for submitted AuthenticationToken [{}].  Returning null.", token);
        }

        return info;
    }

c.SimpleAccountRealm

 protected AuthenticationInfo doGetAuthenticationInfo(AuthenticationToken token) throws AuthenticationException {
        UsernamePasswordToken upToken = (UsernamePasswordToken) token;
        SimpleAccount account = getUser(upToken.getUsername());

        if (account != null) {

            if (account.isLocked()) {
                throw new LockedAccountException("Account [" + account + "] is locked.");
            }
            if (account.isCredentialsExpired()) {
                String msg = "The credentials for account [" + account + "] are expired";
                throw new ExpiredCredentialsException(msg);
            }

        }

        return account;

 

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